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Historic and Famous People of China

This section is dedicated to the most important and famous people of China historically and today.

Historic People:
Historic People People of Today
Chiang Kai-Shek Deng Xiaoping
Confucius Jiang Zemin
Dalai Lama Dissidents
Mao Zedong
Marco Polo Lu Chen, Skater
Sun Yat-Sen Zhu Rongji


Human Rights and Chinese Dissidents:

While this site is not political in nature, it certainly would not be comprehensive without some reference and links to the issue of Human Rights in China and Chinese dissidents . We cover this issue in Human Rights .


Chiang Kai-shek (1887-1975)

Chiang Kai-shek was the leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party which eventually become know as the Kuomintang Party. Promoted by Sun Yat-sen, he rose to leadership of the Nationalist Party shortly after Sun Yat-sen's death in 1925. Chiang Kai-shek was best known for the defeat of his Kuomintang party by the communists in 1949. Chiang Kai-shek and his party were driven from the mainland and set up an government in exile in Taiwan with it's capital in Taipei. He then became the leader of the government in exile until his death in 1975.

See more on Biography of Chiang Kai-shek.


Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925)

A revolutionary leader of the Chinese Kuomintang party that overthrew the Manchu dynasty. Known as "The Father of the Revolution, Sun Yat-sen was an idealistic leader who sought to unite China under one stable government. He died of cancer in 1925. See more on Sun Yat-sen.


Dalai Lama

The Dalai Lama is the religious head of Lamaism, a branch of Buddhaism in Tibet. This religion believes the Dalai Lama rules for life and upon death, he is re-incarnated into the body of a baby boy. The current Dalai Lama is the 14th Dalai Lama, Gyalwa Tenzin Gyatso. He was born in 1935 and selected Dalai Lama at the age of two.

See more on The Government of Tibet in Exile which contains an excellent biography and many links or Dalai Lama. This link has a wealth of information with lots of links taking you to other useful sites.


Confucius:

Perhaps no person has been quoted more often than Confucius. Unfortunately(or fortunately for comedians), he is too often quoted in reference to humor. And, on topics he never broached.

There are many, many sites on the net dedicated to "Confucius says" humor. In reality, Confucius(or K'ung-fu-tzu) was one of the greatest philosophers in Chinese and world history. Confucius , was born in 551B.C. His teachings did not become popular for centuries after his death, dominating the religious beliefs of China from 100B.C. until the early 1900's. Even today, his teachings have a great impact upon the culture and people of china. For more on Confucianism...

Confucius had five cardinal(Social) relationships:

  1. Ruler and ruled

  2. Husband and Wife

  3. Parents and Children

  4. Older and younger brothers

  5. Friends

Confucianism is the religion that evolved out of his teachings and was based upon:

  • Proper societal behavior and harmony

  • Virtues

  • Proper place(class or station) in life

If you really want to gain an appreciation of Confucius' philosophy, and it's similarity to the problems of today, read the first page of Online Tribute to the Master. This site also contains links to the real Confucius(not the jokes).


Chairman Mao(Mao Zedong):


Marco Polo:

Also, see Silk Road


Lu Chen, Skater

A women's figure skater from the 1998 Olympics, Lu Chen stole our hearts (and almost stole the show) with a stellar performance in the finals. Lu Chen's performance was a great accomplishment for herself and her country and she has fans around the world .


Jiang Zemin

The current leader of the People's Republic of China, assuming the top leadership position upon the death of Deng Xiaoping in early 1997.

Jiang has promised to continue the progress and openness established by his predecessor.


Deng Xiaoping

Deng became the leader of China shortly after Mao's death in 1976. He died in 1997 of Parkinson's disease and a lung infection.

Deng's relationship and loyalty to Mao dates back to the long march in 1934 -1935. Deng's leadership style was significantly different from Mao Zedong, preferring a low key style of leadership. Deng never assumed the position of Communist Party Chief or head of the government, stating "It doesn't matter if the cat is black or white as long as it catches the mice."

Some of the highlights of Deng and his life:

  • Participated in the Long March with Mao Zedong(1934-1935)

  • Started the country on a course of reform and liberalization

  • Key goals were to bring wealth, modernization and power to China

  • Opened the country to investment from the west paving the way for true growth and prosperity

  • established ties to the U.S. and most western governments

  • His biggest challenge was Tiananmen Square, where he staunchly upheld communist rule

  • Twice Time magazines "Man of the Year"


Zhu Rongji

The current Premier of the People's Republic of China, appointed in 1998. He was previously the mayor of Shanghai. Zhu is considered a leading economic reformer. As mayor of Shanghai, Zhu is credited for the economic revival of the city. He successfully supported major international investment and the dissolution and clean up of old and inefficient state run industries.


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